Dr. B C Shah may use pins, wires or screws to hold the bones in place while they heal. Depending on the type of surgery you have, these may be left in your foot or removed later on. Osteotomy An osteotomy is the most common type of bunion surgery. It involves cutting and removing part of the bone in your toe. During the procedure, Dr. B C Shah will remove the bony lump and realign the bones inside your big toe. They will also move your toe joint back in line, which may involve removing other pieces of bone. Distal soft tissue realignment Bunions are a very common foot deformity, but it has been seen that people ignore it till the time it takes the shape of a potential hazard for the feet. Bunions are the bumps that occur on the big toe or on its sides. The bump is nothing but it shows the changes that is taking place in the structure of bones of the frontal feet. A person who suffers from a bunion has the big toe pointing towards the second toe instead of its natural straight alignment. Hence, we get to see the bumps in the form of bumps that have fallen out of alignment. read more Try this exercise to build strength and add flexibility to your feet. While sitting with your feet flat on the floor, raise your heels and hold for five seconds. Next, press your toes to the floor for another five seconds. Do this routine 10 times. A corn or callus is an area of hard thick skin. If the corn or callus is between the toes it can be soft and painful. Try using toe spacers or toe sleeves from a department or drug store. However, the doctor may have to thin down the corn or callus if it doesn't go away. The study, which is published in Arthritis Care & Research , found that more than one in three older adults has at least one bunion, a hard bony bump that forms at the base of the big toe. Bunions are thought to have a hereditary component in that they tend to run in some families. It has also been suggested that wearing shoes with elevated heels and a narrow toe-box may contribute to bunion development. Corns can range from a slight thickening of the skin to a painful, hard bump, and often form on top of buckled toe joints (hammer toes). For those affected by diabetes, proper foot care and maintenance is essential. The disease decreases blood flow, particularly to the feet. Diabetics must continuously monitor their feet to avoid infections, otherwise they could face amputation. When inspecting your feet, look for wounds, bruises, blisters, ulcers and ingrown nails. It is recommended that you contact your podiatrist for instructions on how to properly care for your feet. Treatment for hammertoe involves wearing shoes with soft and roomy toe boxes so there is less friction against the toes. Toe exercises to stretch and strengthen the muscles are also recommended. In some cases, surgery may be recommended to correct the condition. Small pads made for cushioning a corn can be purchased at a drug store. These donut-shaped pads are applied over the corn to protect it from pressure and friction. This often allows the pain to be relieved and gives the corn time to shrink, explains the Mayo Clinic. You Might Also Like Remove the Skin Once the surgeon is satisfied that the toe is straight and well balanced, the skin incisions are closed with small stitches. A bulky bandage is applied to the foot before you are returned to the recovery room. After Surgery A more serious problem for some is bunions. Nice strappy sandals look nice with the gorgeous gown for dancing round the Christmas tree but often are only a dream for sufferers, and buying shoes might turn into a challenge. In many cases, bunions can successfully be treated with a course of acupuncture, combined with massages. Depending on the grade of deformation, five to ten sessions can make a big difference! The manual manipulation treatment targets any calcifications in the joints of the big toes and helps to release the excess mineral deposits out of the joints. Hallux valgus is the medical term for a bunion, which is a condition that causes the big toe to turn inward toward the pinky toe. Once the condition progresses, a bump (bunion) develops on the metatarsal bone, or inside of the foot around the big tone joint. The main cause of hallux valgus is shoes that do not fit correctly. According to the National Library of Medicine, 48 percent of the population suffers from the condition. The only corrective treatment for bunions is surgery and if your pain is severe and foot wear impossible your doctor may refer you to the hospital.